The Population of the British Isles
The British Isles are the home
of four nations — English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish. Even though foreigners
often call all British people "English", and sometimes have
difficulty in appreciating the distinctions, the component nations of the
United Kingdom are well aware of their own individual characteristics.
The Scots, Welsh and Irish
regard themselves as largely Celtic peoples, while the English are mainly
AngloSaxon in origin.
British society as a whole
does not have a uniform cultural identity.
In 1993 the population of the
United Kingdom was about 58 million inhabitants. This figure gives a population
density of 600 persons per square mile (284 per square km).
England has an average density
of 980 persons per square mile (364 per square km).
This average does not reveal
the even higher densities in some areas of the country, such as south-east
parts. Within Europe only the Netherlands has a higher population that England.