My name’s Sola. I like doing many things but one thing that I really like doing is playing chess.
Chess is an indoor and competitive game played between two players.
It is being played in tournaments, online or at home. The origin of
chess is traced to India of the 6th century during the Gupta Empire. The
military had four divisions known as "infantry", "cavalry", "elephant"
and "chariot". These names are represented in the chess game as: pawn,
knight, bishop and the rook respectively. In the 9th century, the game
was introduced to Western Europe and Russia.
The chess board is made up of 64 squares (eight rows and eight
columns) and the colors of the squares alternate (dark and light
squares). The pieces which are comprised of a king, a queen, two rooks,
two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns are in sets black and white.
To start the game, white moves first. The pieces are moved one at a time
to an occupied square by an opponent's piece, thereby removing it from
play or to a square that is not occupied. However, two pieces are moved
simultaneously when castling.
Each chess piece has its own style of moving. The pawn moves one
or two steps forward to an unoccupied square but one forward diagonal
step to an occupied square. The Knight moves in "L" pattern. The bishop
moves diagonally. The rook moves horizontally or vertically with as many
steps as possible. The queen moves in all directions covering as many
squares as possible. And the king moves one step at a time in all
The king is permitted to make a move called castling. The king
makes two squares towards the rook of the same color and the rook moves
onto the square over which the king crossed. The following are the
prerequisites to castling:
- The king and the rook must be on the same color
- The king and the rook involved in the castling may not have been previously moved
- There must be no pieces between the king and the rook
- The king may not currently be in check
Pawns could be promoted to any of the following: a queen, rook,
bishop, or knight of the same color when it advances to the eighth rank.
Most chess players choose to promote the pawn to a queen. Also, a pawn
can capture another pawn that is on an adjacent file next to it via en
passant. En passant is when a pawn moves two squares ahead and if the
opponent’s pawn is on an adjacent file next to the destination of the
The king is being checked when it is exposed to an attack from
one of the opponent’s piece. The best response to a check is to get rid
of the piece checking the king by capturing it. Another method is to
create interference by bringing in a piece to shield the king from the
attack. The last method is to move the king. However, a move that would
put the king in check is not allowed in the game.
To win the game, the opponent must be checkmated. Checkmate is
when king is in check has there is no way to escape. There are occasions
that the chess games do not end with a checkmate. Other way the game
ends are: draw by agreement, stalemate, threefold repetition of a
position, and the fifty-move rule.